Freight is meant by goods transported in bulk (viz.in large quantities) by truck, train, ship, or aircraft (in other words, either by roadways, railways or airways).
Domestic freight includes transportation of goods by ground or air within a geographical and political boundary.
Ground domestic shipping is slower, and it is most economical form of transport.
Ground freight also includes rail, which is both a fast and green mode of transporting goods domestically. Air freight, on the other hand, is faster and depending on the density and size of the package could possibly cost less than ground shipping.
Less than truckload freight or LTL Freight is the transportation of relatively smaller freights, In LTL freight Parcel carriers usually handle small packages and freight that can be broken down into units less than 150 pounds(68kg).
International freight is concerned with the movement of goods to outside a particular geographical boundary or simply, to anther nation.
Freight is of various types, and each type has its own pros and cons. Let’s talk about ocean freight. air freight
Air freight is the transit of goods via air carriers ,air planes which may be chartered or commercial. Air freight has several advantages and quite a few disadvantages. Let’s have a look.
i. Faster air freight is the faster mode. And for the shipments which are needed to be delivered as soon as possible, this mode becomes the savior.
ii. Global reach: It is undoubtedly a fact that a option can be used for shipments all over the world. It has a global reach which is obviously not available in the case of the ground as well as ocean freight.
iii. High-Level Security as well as safety of goods: air freight is also the most secure and safest mode amongst all. It ensures that your goods are delivered in best condition possible as airport controls over cargo are tightly managed, and goods remain intact throughout the journey.
I. Hight cost: Air freight, being the most reliable and convenient option also comes with high cost. It is the most expensive mode amongst all other freight options.
ii. Less storage capacity: Air freight option is incapable of transporting very large quantities of goods at a time. This is major drawback.
Ocean freight is anther most widely used transit mode. It involves the importing and exporting of cargo (goods) via shipping vessels. And obviously, it has certain advantages and disadvantages as well:
i. Economical: ocean freight is the most economical option as it involves low cost.
ii. Best for bulky goods: this mode becomes the best option when large quantities of goods are to be shipped. As ships can carry load of goods at a time without any constraint.
i. Slow speed: ocean freight transits the goods at a very slow pace. It takes many days and even months to reach the final destination. This is major disadvantage of ocean freight.
ii. Risky: ocean freight is also a risks or tragedies /accidents. This is anther very impactful drawback of this mode.
iii. Limited reach: ocean freight is not capable of transporting goods to all over the world. Certain parts of the world might not have the facilities of port and terminals and can therefore not receive ships carrying containers. This becomes a strong reason to forego this option.
Both options have their own advantages and disadvantages. Choosing either one of them clearly depends on the budget, The number of goods, the need of how faster the goods are to be transported or how many levels of security dose the goods require. Their suitability is based on one’s particular needs.
But in overall comparison, Air freight is far better option than ocean freight.